GHB stands for Gamma Hydroxybutyrate and is naturally produced in very small amounts within the human body. Dr. Henri Laborit first synthesized the drug in 1961 in an experimental trial to test its effectiveness as an anesthetic and as a treatment for narcolepsy. GHB is also produced and sold illegally for its intoxicating effects.
When consumed recreationally, GHB causes Central Nervous System (CNS) depressant effects, including euphoria, drowsiness, decreased anxiety, memory impairment, and confusion.
GHB can also affect breathing and heart rate. Gamma Hydroxbutyrate is also used as a “date-rape drug” because the drug’s sedative effects can incapacitate victims and induce amnesia. The drug is odorless and colorless, making it difficult to detect.
Taking a low dose of Gamma Hydroxbutyrate gives a feeling similar to consuming alcohol, reducing social anxiety. Increased doses can induce drowsiness and dizziness, and can eventually cause nausea and vomiting. Higher doses can result in sedation, seizures, coma, severe respiratory depression, and death.
Gamma Hydroxbutyrate begins to take effect 10-15 minutes after ingestion. The effects can last for 3-6 hours when taken without alcohol and 36-72 hours when mixed with alcohol or other drugs. If a very high dosage is taken, unconsciousness and even coma can occur within five minutes.
Repeated GHB consumption can lead to addiction. Some withdrawal effects may include insomnia, anxiety, tremors and sweating.
The Urine DrugCheck Drug of Abuse Test yields a positive result when the GHB level in urine exceeds 10 ng/mL.
- Gamma Hydroxybutyrate Street Names:
- Georgia Home Boy
- Liquid Ecstasy
- Liquid X
- Liquid G